Clinical impacts of genome-wide noninvasive prenatal testing for rare autosomal trisomy.

Xiang J, Li R, He J, et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2023;5(1):100790. doi:10.1016/j.ajogmf.2022.100790.

Tags: Clinical Experience / Clinical Utility, 2023, China, RAAs

  • “Results: Overall, 154 rare autosomal trisomies were identified in 89,242 pregnancies (0.17%) through noninvasive prenatal testing. In the 120 cases in which cytogenetic and molecular investigations were carried out, the rare autosomal trisomies were found to originate from true fetal mosaicism (n=5), uniparental disomy (n=5), maternal mosaic trisomy (n=3), maternal malignancy (n=1), and confined placental mosaicism (n=106). Clinical follow-up showed that 40% of all rare autosomal trisomy cases had adverse perinatal outcomes. In women with false-positive noninvasive prenatal testing results originating from confined placental mosaicism, the frequency of adverse perinatal outcomes was 26%. More importantly, the placental mosaicism ratio revealed by noninvasive prenatal testing was significantly higher in women who experienced adverse perinatal outcomes than those who did not (0.688 vs 0.332; P<.001).”
  • “Conclusion: Women with noninvasive prenatal testing results indicative of rare autosomal trisomies are at risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, and that risk can be stratified using chromosomes and the mosaicism ratio revealed by noninvasive prenatal testing. Our data are valuable for obstetrical caregivers advising a patient with a noninvasive prenatal testing result indicative of a rare autosomal trisomy and a false-positive diagnosis and for managing risks during pregnancy.”